Timeline - Cliffe History

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Chronological Notes

600, church built at Lilliechurch

600, monks from St. Andrews build church at Old Rectory- farming fields stayed the same until 1853

742 - 824, church councils, Cloveshoo, supposedly  held at Cliffe

774, charter by Offa - King of Mercia- giving land to Canterbury

774, Saxon charter shows that Cliffe church was founded by King Offa who also choses the dedicatory saint of St. Helen

961, Queen Eadgfiu gives land to Christ Church, Canterbury

1100, sea walls to built to control the Thames

1151, King Stephen founds a nunnery at Lillechurch

1275-88, Prioress Amfelisia reprimanded for not keeping the causeway to the crossing up to scratch

1247, Royal charter to hold a fair lasting three days – St. Aigidius’s Day

1250, marshes begin to be ‘reclaimed’

1260, present church built

1260, the Saxon church was replaced by one of stone

1270, Prioress Acelina in dispute with her nuns – King Henry III had to be called in

1290, King Edward directed the maintenance of the sea walls should be shared

1301, ship sent to aid King Edward I in Scottish waters

1310, the building of the hall at the Old Rectory

1326, Cliffe port mentioned again

1337, repairs to the nunnery

1346, just prior to this date - King Edward III assembled a fleet of 1500+ ships – 2 came from Cliffe

1350, modernisation of the church

1380, 80 ton vessel stationed at Cliffe

1417, two ships were ordered by Henry V against the French

1520, the supposed ‘Great Fire of Cliffe’

1585, single bell hung at St. Helen’s Church

1679, John Browne leaves money so that 12 poor children should be educated

1730, roof of nave destroyed

1824, cutting of canal

1840, Redham Mead is referred to as the great mead and not as marshland

1845, railway arrived

1845, population of Cliffe down to 877 from a high of c. 3000 in 1520

1854, first national school built in Cliffe

1862, bells cast for church

1864, two more bells added to church

1864, wall paintings in Cliffe church uncovered during restoration work

1868, cement works opened by West Street

1882, railway line and station opened

1894, first meeting of Cliffe Parish Council

1901, construction of explosive works 

1901, population over 3000

1904, first fire engine for Cliffe village

1914, another cement works opened –in Salt Lane

1914, first ever dog-fight over Kent was above Cliffe 

1914, Cliffe first village to be bombed in Kent  - on Christmas Day

1930, Jessop locates wharf + quality of Roman pottery

1931, electricity powers street lighting

1942, crash of a Stirling bomber in Rye Street

1946, De Havilland DH108 Swallow crashes ay Eygpt Bay killing test pilot Geoffrey De Havilland Jnr.

1964, Ordnance Survey team find Roman salterns by Cliffe Creek

1968, the building of the Cliffe Memorial Hall

1969, final part of Prior’s Hall manorial lands sold the Port of London Authority
 
 
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